14 September 2019. Feast of the Exaltation of the Cross
Today’s feast celebrated a double anniversary. In Jerusalem, Constantine erected a round church, the Anastasis, above the empty grave of Jesus, and a basilica, the Martyrium; in the square between the two churches, a shrine, Calvarium, marking the place of the crucifixion. These were dedicated in 335. They were destroyed by the Persians in 614. The present church of the Holy Sepulcher was built by the Crusaders in 1149. Today also commemorates the discovery of the Lord’s cross by the Empress, St. Helena, in 320.